DonateJoin a Class
Background on The Budget Request:

In 2014, the California State Legislature took an important first step in improving access to comprehensive services by approving a $10 million, one-time funding request for organizations providing direct services to victims of trafficking. Through this funding, approximately ten organizations will be able to provide comprehensive services to more than 500 survivors in California over two years. To meet increasing demand for services, however, a longer-term strategy is required. California must develop a network of organizations throughout the state with capacity to provide trafficking survivors with the specialized assistance they need. This includes both dedicated anti-trafficking organizations, as well as partner organizations (such as labor rights groups, domestic violence shelters, rape crisis centers, and runaway and homeless youth programs) that can assist victims of trafficking within their broader, existing programs.
An ongoing, stable funding source is essential to achieve this longer-term objective.  We therefore request that California lawmakers establish a Continuing Budget Request for specialized trafficking victim services in the State’s General Fund in the Amount of 15 million annually.  Compared to one time funding, continuing funding would greatly expand the type and number of organizations able to provide services to victims of human trafficking over the longer-term, while leveraging existing resources and expertise. With ongoing funding available, organizations will have far greater capacity to:

  • Develop and implement specialized programs,
  • Hire and train specialized staff, and
  • Create and/or expand the number of shelter beds dedicated soley to victims of human trafficking.Combined with existing services, this will lead to a more sustainable, long-term response to the problem of modern slavery in our state.


Estimates from service providers in California show that it costs about $19,608 annually to serve one human trafficking survivor comprehensively with wraparound services that include case management, shelter, basic needs, and legal services. Each program can serve on average 40 survivors per year, at a total cost of $784,320 per program per year. With $15 million invested on a continuing annual basis, California would be able to fund a comprehensive package of shelter and services for 16 organizations per year, serving upwards of 3,520 victims over six years. Of the $15 million, approximately $2.45 million per year would be used for technical assistance, training, program evaluation and data collection to strengthen programs and contribute to trafficking prevention.

Number of Programs and Victims To Be Served Annually with Continuing Funding

Year Year 1
FY 2017
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 5
Year 6
Funding request
(in millions)
$12.55 over
2 yrs
$12.55 over
2 yrs
$12.55 over
2 yrs
$12.55 over
2 yrs
over 2 yrs
$12.55 over
2 yrs
# Programs funded* 8 16 16 16 16 16
# Victims served ** 320 640 640 640 640 640

Total Victims Served Over 6 Years:  3520*
*This number does not include victims or services to be funded under the 2015 one time budget funding for two years, currently pending through CaLOES, See: Together, a total of 16-18 programs per year will receive funding and serve approximately 3030 victims over 6 years.
**note some victims may need to be served longer than one year period, but others may also be served less than a one year period so these figures show estimate numbers overall.

Costs By Program

Need Cost Survivors Served
Case Manager $53,760 Annually with with overhead 20
Case Manager $53,760 Annually with with overhead 20
Staff Attorney $76,800 Annually with with overhead 40
Shelter bed $9,000   X 40=360,000 40
Direct Service Costs $6,000 x 40=240,000 40
Total per program $784,320 40
Total cost over two years $1.57 Million 80

Programs must be accessible across the state so during two-year cycle in total 16 programs will be funded

Total cost for 8 programs
To be funded for two years
$12.55 Million 640 Survivors Served with with comprehensive services

Cost for training and technical consult

Activity                                                               Budget                                                 Outcome

Ongoing training $500,000 Thousands of human trafficking
cases prevented
Ongoing technical consultation $1.5 Million Hundreds of human trafficking
cases identified earlier/
existing programs able to
serve survivors more effectively
Prevalence report of
human trafficking in CA/
Evaluation of programs providing
victim services
$450,000 In three years CA will have a
better understanding of the
extent of human trafficking in CA
and after three years CA  will
have budgeted to thoroughly
evaluate these 16 grant programs
Total $2.45 Million  



TOTAL REQUEST $15 Million per year

Explanation of Program Costs

Trafficking survivors have unique needs that differ from other crime victims. Therefore there is a need for specialized programs to serve these victims For example a trafficking survivor placed in a support group for victims of sexual assault, may benefit from this experience but would benefit more from a group that explored the specific nature of commercial exploitation.  Additionally, trafficking survivors often have to stay longer in shelter programs than other crime victims or have larger ongoing safety concerns that cannot be addressed in many domestic violence shelter program models without significant modification.  For these reasons, the services itemized below need to have dedicated staff and resources to allow existing programs to build specialized services for victims of human trafficking and institutionalize these unique models.

  1. Case management ResourcesA 2015 survey of specialized trafficking service providers demonstrated that a human trafficking caseworker in California’s case load is anywhere between 10 and 30 victims.  Salaries and overhead costs for a specialized case manager average $53,760.00  per year. Acknowledging that often times serving trafficking victims requires emergency response and 24 hours services,  at a minimum programs should have two full-time human trafficking  case managers funded to ensure full coverage and victim and staff safety.
  2. Legal ResourcesCase management programs need the support of a full-time attorney given the complex legal needs of trafficking survivors. A specialized attorney with overhead costs about $76,800.00 annually. With this funding, programs could either contract with existing legal services programs for a full-time staff attorney to support their clients or hire an attorney to support legal services in-house. Since attorney case loads are traditionally higher than case management services, only one attorney is needed per two case managers.
  3. Shelter Resources

The largest unmet need of trafficking victims in California is for safe shelter immediately following rescue/identification and during the process of recovery. To secure a shelter bed in an appropriate venue for an adult victim costs about $9,000 annually. An average length of stay at a shelter is 6 to 18 month. This funding will provide shelter to approximately 640 victims each year and will allow organizations to significantly expand the number of shelter beds dedicated to trafficking survivors in California.

  1. Prevention & Training Resources

To develop and present a statewide curriculum on all forms of modern slavery and effective identification and service provision for this population will require $500,000. This number is based on past costs associated with training law enforcement agencies on sex trafficking of minors.  An additional $1.5 million per year is requested to provide ongoing technical support to the 16 newly-funded trafficking programs and other programs identifying trafficking victims across California. Included in the $1.5 million is an estimated cost of hiring four survivor consultants at $60,000 annually to ensure human trafficking survivors can be included in training/outreach and technical consultation under this program.

V.        Monitoring & Evaluation By CaLOES

Finally, continuing funding in the amount of $450,000 per year is requested to improve data collection and better estimate the prevalence of human trafficking in California. Currently California has no idea of the number of individuals enslaved at any given time in the state of California. Over 3 years with an investment of 1.3 million California should be able to better understand this problem in our state. Additionally, after three years CaLOES will have appropriate funding to evaluate the success of the newly funded trafficking programs and adjust its Request for Proposal (RFP) process to ensure that the best programs using evidence based and trauma informed practices are receiving on-going funding and that they models can be more fully implemented across California.



  • Not getting paid for their labor
  • Not free to change employers
  • Being controlled by someone else
  • Being forced to do something they don’t want to do
  • Has been cheated into payment of debt upon arrival

You, he, or she may be a victim of human trafficking and eligible for free assistance.

Call the National Human Trafficking Hotline at 888.373.7888 for more information. Or, text INFO or HELP to BEFREE (233733)

Contact us at 559.725.1865 for support, resources, and consultation. You can also contact the Fresno Police Tip Line at 559. 621.5950